Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa, is located between 2o50” – 3o10”S and 37o00” – 37o10”E, Northern Tanzania. Its size is 1688 Km2, comprised of two dormant(Kibo 5,895m a.m.s.l and Mawenzi 5,149m a.m.s.l ) and one extinct( Shira 3,962m a.m.s.l ) volcanoes respectively.
It is the world’s highest free standing mountain that rises on the undulating surrounding plain that averages around 1000m above sea level. It was declared a National Park in 1973, officially opened for tourism in 1977, declared a world Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987 and Natural Wonder of Africa in 2013. The Park Headquarter is at Marangu, about 44km from Moshi Town and 86km from Kilimanjaro International Airport.